Major Threats: Urban sprawl encroaches further into the habitat of this rare species everyday. Ranging from Pima, Pinal, and Maricopa county in Arizona the Tucson Shovel-nosed Snake's territory is nestled between Phoenix and Tucson not to mention a rapidly growing Casa Grande. As this populous region of Arizona develops and grows Agriculture, Roadways and Water Loss will contribute more and more to the degredation of habitable open space and riparian areas. Snakes like all life depend on a healthy ecosystem. The loss of nearly 85% of Arizona's riparian areas has put a great strain on the already arid Sonoran Desert. Adding to the environmental pressures facing the Tucson Shovel-nosed are construction, agriculture and off road vehicles that can easily runover this small snake without knowing it. Gaining federal protection for this amazing Arizona native is of the utmost importance. Please let your friends and family know, help us spread the word.